Saw this question"Is there any reason why we can't use inner tube?
When I was younger (45 - 50 years ago), we wear the tire to the bare bone, people use inner tube."
The challenge for the tire engineer is to balance the performance trade-offs.
The invention of the "Tubeless" tire allowed the elimination of the separate tube. Most of today's tires have rubber that is very similar to the rubber used in tubes on the interior of the tire. This is called the "innerliner". A major advantage is that if you get a puncture in a tubeless tire the innerliner doesn't rip like a tube would, so you have less chance of a true "Blowout".
Using a tube in a tubeless tire creates some problems.
It increases heat & cost are probably the biggest.
It also can temporarily trap air between the tube and the tubeless tire innerliner but this air will leak out around the valve hole over the next few days which means you would need to check the air pressure every day for many days to ensure proper inflation.
I have trouble thinking of any circumstance where using a tube in a tubeless tire would be a good thing.