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Friday, January 5, 2018

ST type tire max speed

Originally Posted by LI Pets 
The 65mph is not really correct it depends on load and air pressure.

They can go to 80mph.
The above is from an online forum.

As I have pointed out previously:

The load formula that populates the Load/Inflation table, used by the tire industry for ST type tires is based on the assumption that 65 mph would be the MAXIMUM operation speed. If the operation speed was to be between 65 and 75 then users were to use a 10 psi higher value for their measured load.

Example ST235/75R15 with 2,030# measured load needs to run 50 psi minimum cold not 40 psi cold.

If running 75mph to 85 the Load capacity number must be reduced by 10% in addition to the +10 psi adjustment.

Example ST235/75R15 would be rated to carry (2,030 x.9) or 1,827# at 50 psi.

I know this adjustment process seems backward but that is the way tire loading is calculated.

Now I am sure some will say that the new ST tires come with speed ratings faster than 65. IMO many of these ratings were applied just to avoid import taxes. I know of no magic rubber that somehow gives an ST235/75R15 LR-C the ability to support 2,340# at 87 mph with 50 psi in it while an identical sized LT235/75R15 LR-C is only able to support 1,985#.

Before you say "Ya but the tire companies probably made big improvements in the new ST tires", I would ask what makes you think the tire companies would not want to be able to offer better load capacity to their LT tires?

Load capability is basically the tire air volume x air pressure, with adjustments for speed and expected service. So if you have a P/U pulling a TT the "service" would be the same and the speed would be the same so how can the tire with "ST" on the sidewall carry more load at the same speed?


Now you are more than welcome to believe in magic or marketing claims but IMO using the load /infl tables without doing the adjustments will probably result in an increased likelihood of belt separation. So when you have a failure please do not post something here along the lines of  "I just had a blowout. I didn't hit anything and always check my air".  Tire failures usually occur because of cumulative internal structural damage from heat and time. The excess heat comes from the combination of speed/inflation/load.

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